AskDefine | Define flora

Dictionary Definition



1 all the plant life in a particular region [syn: vegetation] [ant: fauna]
2 a living organism lacking the power of locomotion [syn: plant, plant life] [also: florae (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Flora



  • /ˈflɔː.rə/


flora (plural: florae or floras)
  1. plants considered as a group, especially those of a particular country, region, time, etc.
  2. a book describing the plants of a country etc.
  3. The microorganisms that inhabit some part of the body, such as intestinal flora



plants considered as a group
a book describing the plants of a country etc.
the microorganisms that inhabit some part of the body

Related terms

Crimean Tatar


Flora - Roman goddess of flowers.


flora (more common word is nebatat)



Extensive Definition

In botany, flora (plural: floras or florae) has two meanings. The first meaning, or flora of an area or of time period, refers to all plant life occurring in an area or time period, especially the naturally occurring or indigenous plant life. The second meaning refers to a book or other work which describes the plant species occurring in an area or time period, with the aim of allowing identification. Some classic and modern floras are listed below.
The term flora comes from Latin language Flora, the goddess of flowers in Roman mythology. The corresponding term for animal life is fauna. Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota. In relation to all the flora and fauna of a region, it is collectively referred to as biota.

Flora classifications

Plants are grouped into floras based on region, period, special environment, or climate. Regions can be geographically distinct habitats like mountain vs. flatland. Floras can mean plant life of an historic era as in fossil flora. Lastly, floras may be subdivided by special environments:
  • Native flora. The native and indigenous flora of an area.
  • Agricultural and garden flora. The plants that are deliberately grown by humans.
  • Weed flora. Traditionally this classification was applied to plants regarded as undesirable, and studied in efforts to control or eradicate them. Today the designation is less often used as a classification of plant life, since it includes three different types of plants: weedy species, invasive species (that may or may not be weedy), and native and introduced non-weedy species that are agriculturally undesirable. Many native plants previously considered weeds have been shown to be beneficial or even necessary to various ecosystems.
Bacterial organisms are sometimes included in a flora Other times, the terms bacterial flora and plant flora are used separately.

Flora treatises

Traditionally floras are books, but some are now published on CD-ROM or websites. The area that a flora covers can be either geographically or politically defined. Floras usually require some specialist botanical knowledge to use with any effectiveness.
A flora often contains diagnostic keys. Often these are dichotomous keys, which require the user to repeatedly examine a plant, and decide which one of two alternatives given in the flora best applies to the plant.

Classic floras

Modern floras



* Flora of China


  • Flora of Australia
  • Flora of New Zealand series:
    • Allan, H.H. 1961, reprinted 1982. Flora of New Zealand. Volume I: Indigenous Tracheophyta - Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledons. ISBN 0-477-01056-3.
    • Moore, L.B.; Edgar, E. 1970, reprinted 1976. Flora of New Zealand. Volume II: Indigenous Tracheophyta - Monocotyledons except Graminae. ISBN 0-477-01889-0.
    • Healy, A.J.; Edgar, E. 1980. Flora of New Zealand Volume III. Adventive Cyperaceous, Petalous & Spathaceous Monocotyledons. ISBN 0-477-01041-5.
    • Webb, C.J.; Sykes, W.R.;Garnock-Jones, P.J. 1988. Flora of New Zealand Volume IV: Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons. ISBN 0-477-02529-3.
    • Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. 2000. Flora of New Zealand Volume V: Grasses. ISBN 0-478-09331-4.
    • Volumes I-V: First electronic edition, Landcare Research, June 2004. Transcribed by A.D. Wilton and I.M.L. Andres.
  • Galloway, D.J. 1985. Flora of New Zealand: Lichens. ISBN 0-477-01266-3.
  • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A. 1986. Flora of New Zealand: Desmids. Volume I. ISBN 0-477-02530-7.
  • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A. 1988. Flora of New Zealand: Desmids. Volume II. ISBN 0-477-01353-8.
  • Croasdale, H.; Flint, E.A.;Racine, M.M. 1994. Flora of New Zealand: Desmids. Volume III. ISBN 0-477-01642-1.
  • Sykes, W.R.; West, C.J.; Beever, J.E.; Fife, A.J. 2000. Kermadec Islands Flora - Special Edition. ISBN 0-478-09339-X.

Pacific Islands


Africa and Madagascar

  • Flore du Gabon
  • Flore du Cameroun
  • Flora of Tropical Africa
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Flora Capensis
  • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of South Africa
  • Flore du Rwanda
  • Flore de Madagascar et des Comores

Flora on Wikipedia

Wikipedia has the following mainly flora categories:

See also

External links

flora in Czech: Květena
flora in Danish: Flora (botanik)
flora in German: Pflanzenwelt
flora in Modern Greek (1453-): Χλωρίδα
flora in Spanish: Flora (botánica)
flora in Esperanto: Flaŭro
flora in Estonian: Taimestik
flora in French: Flore
flora in Croatian: Flora (biljke)
flora in Hebrew: פלורה
flora in Italian: Flora (botanica)
flora in Latin: Flora
flora in Limburgan: Flora (plante)
flora in Malay (macrolanguage): Flora
flora in Dutch: Plantenleven
flora in Japanese: 植物相
flora in Norwegian: Flora (botanikk)
flora in Occitan (post 1500): Categoria:Flòra
flora in Polish: Flora (biologia)
flora in Portuguese: Flora
flora in Serbian: Флора (ботаника)
flora in Swedish: Flora
flora in Turkish: Flora (botanik)
flora in Chinese: 植物区系

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Ceres, Cora, Demeter, Dionysos, Dionysus, Frey, Gaea, Gaia, Kore, Persephassa, Persephone, Pomona, Proserpina, Proserpine, Triptolemos, Triptolemus, corn god, fertility god, forest god, vegetation spirit
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